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External Access > PubMed LinkOut
ISSN Number: 1203-4754
Title: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
Volume Number: 17
Issue Number: 04
Page Number: 259
Published: 6 time(s) per Year

Low-Dose Oral Mini-Pulse Dexamethasone Therapy in Progressive Unstable Vitiligo

Background:The course of vitiligo is unpredictable. If the disease is spreading rapidly, the progression can be controlled with the use of systemic steroids daily or in pulsed form. The present study was planned to assess the efficacy of low-dose dexamethasone oral mini-pulse therapy in progressive unstable vitiligo.Materials and Methods:In this retrospective study, the case records of patients with vitiligo during the period from January 2006 to December 2010 were studied. Patients who had progressive unstable disease were included. These patients were administered oral dexamethasone 2.5 mg per day on 2 consecutive days after breakfast in a week. The patients were asked to come for regular follow-up to assess the arrest of disease activity, relapse of disease activity, and adverse effects.Results:A total of 444 patients were analyzed. In 408 (91.8%) patients, arrest of disease activity was achieved at a mean duration of 13.2 ± 3.1 weeks. In addition, some repigmentation of the lesions was seen in all patients after a mean of 16.1 ± 5.9 weeks. During the follow-up, 50 of 408 (12.25%) patients experienced one or two episodes of relapse in disease activity, which were treated with reinstitution of low-dose dexamethasone oral mini-pulse therapy. The mean disease-free survival (DFS) until the first relapse was 55.7 ± 26.7 weeks, and the mean DFS until the second relapse was 43.8 ± 7.2 weeks. Adverse reactions such as weight gain, lethargy, and acneiform eruptions were observed in 41 (9.2%) patients.Conclusion:Low-dose oral mini-pulse dexamethasone therapy is a good option for arresting progressive unstable vitiligo with minimal adverse effects.
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